Martini is a brand of vermouth produced in Italy. The invention of the drink belongs to Alessandro Martini, while Luigi Rossi is the co-author. According to one version, Hippocrates had a hand in the creation of the legendary vermouth when he first insisted on wine for the buds of wild anise and artemisia exclusively for medicinal purposes. The Martini brand is owned by Bacardi-Martini from Bermuda.
The following types of martini are distinguished depending on the sugar content, composition of herbs and fortress: Rosso, Bianco, Rosato, Doro, Fiero, Extra Dry, Bitter, Rose, Spirito "," Asti "," Prosecco "," Brut. "
Vermouth is made from wine, the strength of which reaches 11 - 13%, while the final ethyl content is higher. The increase in strength helps to balance the taste of the drink, due to which it becomes more harmonious and better. The manufacturer intentionally increases the volume fraction of grain alcohol, since the aromatic ingredients that are part of martini dissolve well and reveal a bouquet of aroma exclusively in strong alcohol.
The highest ethyl content (25%) in the Bitter herbal tincture from Martini & Rossi, slightly less alcohol (18%) in Extra Dry. Popular varieties of martini - "Rosso", "Rose", "Bianco", their strength reaches 16 degrees. If other values are indicated on the label (above or below the established standards) - this is a fake (a vermouth from another manufacturer).
Classic vermouth is made on the basis of white wines with an alcohol content of 11 - 13%, with a neutral taste and aroma.
Today, red and pink grape varieties are increasingly used for the production of martini. Vegetable raw materials (extracts or infusions), pure alcohol, sugar are added to the wine base. After mixing the ingredients, the drink is processed cold, filtered, "resting" for a week, gradually "equalizes" the temperature. Remember, exposure is not always a guarantee of quality. To avoid loss of taste balance, it is not recommended to drink martini older than ten years. So, for example, the juniper, which gives sharp coniferous notes, fades away after several decades, due to which the piquancy of the drink is partially lost.
Types of Martini:
- Rosso (Rosso). This is the first vermouth (produced since 1863) distillery "Martini". A distinctive feature is a rich aroma and a bitter taste with herbal notes. The drink has a dark amber color, which is required to add caramel to alcohol. Rosso is used both in cocktails and in pure form. Gastronomic combinations: orange juice, ice, lemon.
- Bianco (Bianco). The color of vermouth is light straw, the aroma is spicy with hints of vanilla. Bianco has a milder balanced taste than Rosso, is considered exclusively a female drink. Martini is drunk in its pure form or bred with soda, lemonade, tonic.
- Rosato (Rosato). For the first time, this type of vermouth appeared on sale in 1980. In the production of Rosato at the same time use white, red wine. Martini Fortress - 15%. The color of the drink is pink, the bouquet of aromas is persistent, the taste is spicy with hints of cinnamon, cloves. Less bitter than Rosso.
- D'Oro (Doro). Designed specifically for people who love white wine with a fruity touch. The most popular Doro is among residents of Germany, Denmark, Switzerland. The start of production of this type of martini falls on 1998. The alcohol content in it reaches 9%. The drink has a pronounced citrus aroma, in which shades of honey, coriander, nutmeg and vanilla are hardly perceptible.
- Fiero (Fiero). It was released in 1998. A distinctive feature of the drink is a rich aroma with a predominant smell of red oranges. Designed specifically for the people of Benelux. Fortress - 15 degrees.
- Extra Dry. It has a high percentage of alcohol (18%) and a low sugar content (2.8% instead of the usual 16%). Extra Dry has a bright sweet-sour aroma, in which notes of lemon, raspberry, and iris are felt. Vermouth has a straw color, is used in the basis of alcoholic cocktails. In pure form, drink chilled.
- Bitter The composition of the martini includes 30 varieties of flowers, fruits, herbs. The basis for the preparation of vermouth is pure alcohol. Interestingly, wine is not used in the production process. Fortress - 25 degrees. Bitter is diluted with freshly squeezed juice, tonic or drunk in pure form with the addition of pieces of ice.
- Rose (Rose). It is a pink semi-dry sparkling wine, on sale since 2009. For the production of Roses, white and red grape varieties grown in the provinces of Veneto and Piedmont are used. The alcohol content is 16%. Drink the drink with pineapple, grapefruit juice or undiluted with lemon, olive, strawberries.
- Spirito (Spirito). This is a strong male drink, herbal liquor. Spirito has a bitter-sweet taste, went on sale in 2013. They drink in pure form.
- Asti (Asti). Champagne from the Martini company, produced in Italy using incomplete fermentation technology. The alcohol content is 7%. Sparkling wine is drunk chilled to 7 degrees. Harmoniously combined with fruits.
- Prosecco (Prosecco). It is produced in the Venetto region (Northeast of Italy) from the same grape variety. This is a dry sparkling wine with a touch of green apple and peach. Its strength reaches 11.5%. Served chilled.
- Brut (Brut). The drink is a dry sparkling wine from the company "Martini & Rossi". Brut has been popular among consumers for over 80 years. The following grape varieties are used for wine production: Pinot and Prosecco. Fortress - 11.5%. Martini Brut has a mild fruity taste, which can be traced notes of green apple. The drink is created as an alternative to champagne.
How to dilute martini?
The main advantage of the drink is the fact that it is allowed to drink not only in its pure form, but also as part of cocktails (alcoholic, nonalcoholic).
Consider how to properly dilute vermouth so as not to spoil the delicate taste.
Martini compatible drinks:
- Mineral water. Before adding it is cooled. The optimal ratio of water to martini is 1: 3. The mineral water can be introduced into all types of vermouth, while the aroma and taste of the drink will hardly change. Water will reduce the strength of alcoholic drink and eliminate excessive sweetness.
- Gene and sprite. In the first case, the drink will increase the strength of the martini, enrich it with notes of vegetable spices (violet root, almond, juniper berry, coriander). In the second, it will complement the harmonious taste of vermouth with hints of lime and lemon, and reduce the alcohol content. In both cases, when mixing drinks, observe the following proportions: 1 part gin (sprite) and 2 parts martini. To prepare a cooling cocktail, it is recommended to add an additional slice of lemon, a handful of ice.
- The juice. Give preference to acid freshes (pomegranate, cherry, citrus). Proportions depend on individual preferences. Red martini varieties (Rosato, Rose, Rosso) are recommended to be combined with cherry, pomegranate juice, and straw Bianco with lemon, pineapple or orange. The classic version of diluting alcohol with a fruit drink is 1: 1. At the same time, you can make mixes of juices that diversify the taste of martini.
It is preferable to use freshly squeezed juices, if this is not possible, store frames containing a minimum of sugar are suitable. Before preparing a fruit and alcohol cocktail, cool the martini to 12 degrees Celsius. Do not add ice cubes to vermouth, as they will impair the taste of the drink.
Recently, it has been fashionable to dilute martini with sweet juices and nectars (peach, mango). The result is a honey-sugary cocktail, which not all people like.
In the classic version, vermouth is bred with acidic juices.
- Vodka. This legendary combination has gained worldwide popularity thanks to agent 007 James Bond, who mixed alcoholic beverages into a single strong cocktail. Vodkatini first appeared in America in the late 1950s. The name of the author of the recipe is unknown. For the correct preparation of a cocktail, martini is mixed with vodka in a ratio of 1: 4.5, respectively. To cool the drink and minimize the strength, 7 pieces of ice are added to it. Before serving, “Vodkatini” is decorated with lemon zest and olive on a toothpick or green olives.
- Black tea. The infusion gives a characteristic astringency to martini, due to which the fullness of taste is revealed. The ratio of vermouth and cold strong tea is 2: 1. To enhance the taste, 5 milliliters of lemon juice is introduced into the drink. The cocktail is served chilled.
How to drink martini?
- Mood. For maximum enjoyment of the taste of vermouth, protect yourself from evil thoughts, think positively. Without a positive attitude, this drink will not bring the desired pleasure, such is its specificity. Martini is ideal for youth parties, romantic dates, friendly meetings.
- Glasses. Vermouth is drunk from thin-walled glass vessels on a long leg, having the shape of a cone. In an extreme case, instead of glasses, martini is poured into quadrangular low glasses. In no case is it allowed to drink a drink from glasses and piles intended for strong alcohol, as this is a bad manners.
- Temperature. For full disclosure of aroma and piquant taste, martini is served chilled to 10 - 15 degrees.
- Pace. Vermouth is drunk slowly, in small sips, savoring the drink. It is allowed to use martini with a straw (this method of "tasting" a strong drink is common among women).
The main condition is not to rush, to enjoy every sip, a long aftertaste.
- Snack. The choice of a particular dish depends on the variety and strength of the drink. Due to its low alcohol content, a martini is not necessary. Vermouth goes well with fresh fruits (cherries, strawberries, kiwi, pineapple, lemon), berries, olives, onions. In Europe, peanuts or salted crackers are served as snacks. Food lovers prefer to order hard, non-sharp varieties of cheese.
First of all, it is worth noting that martini is an aperitif, served before meals to quench thirst and stimulate appetite. To soften the taste and lower the degree, vermouth is diluted with non-alcoholic drinks (soda, juice, lemonade, mineral water, tea), ice.
Martini Cocktail Recipes
Consider the popular alcoholic drinks based on vermouth, which can be prepared independently at home.
- Angostura - 2 milliliters;
- ice - 150 grams;
- red vermouth - 30 milliliters;
- whiskey (bourbon) - 60 milliliters.
Recipe: mix all the ingredients in a shaker, pour into a glass through a sieve (to remove residual ice), garnish with a cherry. Manhattan served with a straw.
- gin - 30 milliliters;
- Martini "Rosso" - 30 milliliters;
- ice - 150 grams;
- bitter "Campari" - 15 milliliters.
Cooking technology: fill the glass with ice. Pour in all the ingredients, mix with a spoon (slowly), garnish with a slice of orange.
- semisweet champagne - 150 milliliters;
- strawberry syrup - 30 milliliters;
- ice - 100 grams;
- Martini "Rosso" - 100 milliliters.
Method of preparation: alternately pour vermouth, sparkling wine, syrup into a glass with ice. Drinks should not be mixed with each other. Garnish with a slice of lemon.
Martini is an alcoholic drink, a characteristic feature of which is the presence of a wormwood tone in the bouquet, and in taste, sweets and bitterness. Tarry shades of wine are added to St. John's wort, juniper berry, rosemary, immortelle. Citrus fruits - lemongrass, lemon balm, catnip. The nutmeg tone will give the fruits of coriander, the color of elderberry.
To combine aromas in a single composition, infusions of iris tree, cloves and chamomile are added to the drink. The combination of vanilla, cardamom, calamus extract strengthens the taste.
The alcohol content in martini varies from 11.5% to 25%, the strength of the drink is artificially increased to create a balanced taste.
Invariably classic vermouth is served chilled in a glass on a high V-shaped leg and decorated with a slice of lemon or olive. The option of presenting a drink with frozen fruits, ice cubes is possible.
Popular types of vermouth: "Extra Dry", "Rosato", "Rosso", "Bianko".