Tabasco is one of the most famous hot sauces. For its preparation use only three uncomplicated ingredients: hot pepper, salt and vinegar. But this does not prevent Tabasco from being one of the most delicious spicy sauces in the world. A limited set of ingredients and small portions of the product are the reason why it should not be considered as a source of vitamins and minerals. But this does not mean that Tabasco does not have health benefits.
What is tabasco sauce
Tabasco is the trade name for hot sauces. There are only three ingredients in the original recipe for this product: cayenne pepper (also known as tabasco), salt and vinegar. 1868 is the year of birth of the world famous sauce. His recipe was developed by Edmund Macailenney from American Louisiana. Unlike many dishes popular today, Tabasco appeared not by chance. Edmund Macailenny worked for a long time on its creation. In the end, he opted for Tabasco pepper, salt from a local mine and high-quality white vinegar. By the way, the first batch of the product was not called Tabasco, but ... The sauce prepared by Mr. Makailenny. But soon the creator came up with a spectacular name for his offspring, which is translated from the language of the North American Indians as "land of wet land."
For the future sauce, only very ripe juicy pepper pods are taken, which are crushed to a puree state and, together with salt, are kept in white oak barrels for 3 years. This type of wood gives the sauce a special sour-spicy aroma. Then vinegar is added to the fermented puree from the pulp of pepper, and the resulting mixture is bottled.
The finished product can be stored for about 3 months at room temperature, and in the refrigerator even longer. The product of cayenne pepper is quite spicy, so you need to add a few drops to add it to dishes (especially if you decide to try Tabasco for the first time).
But not all Tabasco sauces are equally spicy. The original product comes in seven variations of severity. The most burning option is habanero, the degree of hotness of which is measured at 7000-9000 units on the Scovilla scale. Less sharp is the so-called "real red" with a classic hotness of 2500-5000 units. In addition to those already mentioned, there are:
- smoked Tabasco (from chipotle pepper, spicy 1500-2500 units);
- garlic (with a stickiness of 1200-2400 units, made from a mixture of hot peppers and garlic);
- green (from jalapeno peppers, burning in 600-1200 units);
- buffalo (specially designed for chicken wings, 300-900 Scovilla units);
- sweet-spicy (the most delicate of spicy sauces, with a hotness of only 100-600 units).
But the difference between different types of Tabasco is not only in the degree of severity, but also in the production process. Only classic Tabasco is exposed to 3 years of aging. But for green sauce, instead of Tabasco pepper, another pepper is used - jalapeno.
The sweet and sour taste of green Tabasco goes well with fish and salads. The garlic sauce is usually added to pizza, soups, potatoes, and is used for frying meat. The fragrant smoked tabasco, according to many gourmets, is an ideal addition to grilled meat and barbecue. The sauce, prepared according to the classic recipe with 3 years of aging, is considered the most versatile and is suitable for almost any appetizer and hot dishes. But try not Tabasco Habanero risk everyone. This incredibly hot sauce goes well with Mexican, Caribbean and African cuisines. Some Tabasco connoisseurs of maximum hotness say that it perfectly complements the taste of vodka. A drop of habanero added to a glass turns ordinary vodka into a hot pepper.
A teaspoon of this Tabasco sauce does not contain calories and fat at all. This product contains vitamins B, A, C, K, E, as well as some minerals (potassium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, copper, selenium, zinc). But these substances are presented in sauce in very small quantities, especially if you remember that they use Tabasco only a few drops. This product also has almost no protein and fiber. But the sauce based on cayenne pepper contains good reserves of capsaicin (responsible for the burning of the product). And this substance is known for many useful properties. In particular, research data indicates that capsaicin has an analgesic effect, improves digestion and relieves symptoms of indigestion. In addition, there is an opinion that this chemical substance helps to lose weight, and is also useful for skin diseases.
Over the years, vegetables containing capsaicin (including cayenne pepper) have been used in different countries to fight infectious diseases and as an anesthetic. Capsaicin, which is also found in Tabasco sauce, is added to ointments against muscle and joint pain (including those caused by arthritis).
Useful properties of Tabasco
Piquant taste and spicy aroma, which combine favorably with many dishes, this is not all the advantages of Tabasco sauce. Here are some of its best known benefits.
Responsible for thermogenesis
This term suggests that while consuming hot sauce, the body temperature rises slightly. That is, Tabasco has a warming effect, which is always accompanied by additional burning of calories and fat cells. By the way, this process continues for some time after a meal with Tabasco sauce. And this cannot but please those who want to lose weight. It turns out that the joke about "what to eat to lose weight" is not quite a joke.
Speeds up metabolism
Data from scientific experiments indicate that capsaicin helps to accelerate metabolism and also makes its contribution to the process of losing weight. In addition, the acetic acid contained in the product is also useful for accelerating the metabolism of fats. Well, speaking about the benefits of Tabasco for weight loss, one cannot help but recall the practically zero calorie content of the product, which makes it one of the most useful sauces for obese people.
Researchers from New York found that with the use of spicy foods in the body, the concentration of endorphins, the so-called hormones of joy, rises. So, the next time you feel lack of happiness, you can try to cheer yourself up with a portion of your favorite meat with Tabasco sauce.
Improves blood circulation
Many studies indicate that eating hot peppers can improve the state of the cardiovascular system and blood circulation. In addition, scientists have found that capsaicin can lower cholesterol, prevent hypertension and excessive blood clots.
The effect of acute on the stomach: myths and truth
Probably, many have heard, they say, passion for spicy food is a direct path to a stomach ulcer. Today, researchers are increasingly finding evidence of the opposite. According to the latest discoveries of scientists, sauces based on hot peppers, including those containing cayenne pepper Tabasco, are actually good for the stomach.
Proponents of this theory argue that spicy sauce, getting into the digestive system, kills bacteria harmful to the body and thus regulates the intestinal microflora. In addition, it is believed that as soon as the hot sauce enters the stomach, it does not corrode the mucous membrane, but rather stimulates the secretion of juice, which protects the walls of the stomach from acid that breaks down food.
But the benefits of spicy sauce can be felt only by a completely healthy digestive system. If you have a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer, drinking Tabasco sauce will be a rather painful test. In addition, a sharp product will exacerbate the problem. Reflux disease, accompanied by heartburn, is also the reason for refusing spicy foods. The use of cayenne pepper sauce will further increase the acidity of the gastric environment. You should not look at a bright bottle with a spicy Tabasco sauce for people with irritable bowel syndrome or suffering from atrophic gastritis (accompanied by thinning of the walls of the stomach). In such cases, Tabasco can cause exacerbations of the disease.
Hazardous properties of Tabasco
This is a very hot sauce, which in large quantities can be harmful. This is especially true for people who have not previously taken Tabasco. But even accustomed to spicy foods, you need to be careful with this burning product. Excessive servings of capsaicin can cause bloating, severe diarrhea, disrupt blood coagulation, and even provoke shock. And regular use of spicy sauce in too large quantities can cause damage to the kidneys and liver.
How to cook at home
Of course, home-cooked Tabasco will be noticeably different from the original, but you can try to make sauce a la Tabasco. The plus of the home recipe is that you can do without barrels of white oak and three-year aging of cayenne pepper. But in return it will be necessary to expand the list of ingredients of the sharp product a little.
For homemade hot sauce you will need: 6 dried chili peppers, ripe tomatoes (4 large), onion (one large), a bunch of green parsley, garlic (2-3 cloves), olive oil (about 50 ml), wine vinegar (20 ml ), to taste salt, black pepper and sugar.
Now that you’ve figured out the list of ingredients (as you can see, all the products are quite accessible), you can start preparing the sauce itself. To do this, pepper should be cut into 2 parts, peeled from seeds and stalks, cut into small pieces and pour boiling water for half an hour. During this time, you can prepare the rest of the ingredients: wash, peel, grind in a blender. Then add the swollen chili to the resulting puree and grind again. Puree the mashed potatoes in a saucepan, add olive oil, herbs, sugar, salt, vinegar and ground black pepper. Cook together until thick.
In world cooking, many sauces based on hot peppers are known. But if there is a king in this group of products, then this is undoubtedly Tabasco - a sauce that was invented a century and a half ago and became the main thing on the tables of all lovers of spicy dishes.