Among various varieties of hard cheese, Swiss is deservedly very popular. He has a special, seasoned character. There is no harshness, excessive salinity or sweetness - in a word, a real classic. From the end of the 18th century to this day, cheese has become the main export product of Switzerland.
Swiss cheese is made from pasteurized or raw milk. It differs, for example, from French in that it is hard and semi-solid while the French variety is only soft.
There are different varieties of Swiss, depending on the canton (region) in which they are made. The most popular varieties are made in several regions and other countries, for example, Russia.
Varieties of cheese
All varieties of cheese are separated by maturity. They are: extra-solid, solid, semi-solid. Technological features are caused by the need to make the ability to store the product as long as possible.
The most popular is the Gruyere variety. It is named after the place of the same name. It differs in that there are no holes in it at all. Has a nutty-fruit flavor. To make it, milk is poured into a special container with a volume of up to 450 liters and heated to a certain temperature. Then they wait until it cools down, they heat it again and select the cheese, which will have to mature in time and under special conditions.
Swiss Alp Bellew - this cheese is made from cow's milk of fifty percent fat content. It has a dense uniform structure, a spicy crust and a magnificent smell of alpine herbs. The product does not include lactose. The ripening period is 6 months. Great as a quick snack or as a component of cheese slices.
Mont-Vully is another hard variety. It has an interesting taste and a specific crust. As the product matures, the crust is wiped with a special sponge, which is moistened in a red Pina noir wine cake. Actually, it is customary to use it with wine of the indicated type.
Tilsiter, made in the canton of Thurgau, has an unusually delicate taste. It is light yellow in color. Maturation in duration - from three to five months. It goes well with him rye bread and dark beers, salads, potatoes. It complements and makes memorable taste features of sauces or just sandwiches.
"Appenzeller" - called the most odorous in the world. The spicy components are the more open, the longer the ripening period of the product, and in this case it is from three to 8 months. They make it only with milk recently baked. It goes well with pasta in the form of a cheese ball.
"Tete de Muan" - this cheese is made according to an old recipe for Belle Abbey. It is prepared from whole milk of a cow, and, exclusively, milk yield of the summer period. A distinctive feature of this cheese is an extraordinary piquant note: a combination of light spiciness with slightly distinguishable sweetness. The fat content of this cheese is 51%. It has a dense texture and a brown crust. Product ripening occurs within 75 days on the boards of spruce. All this time it is rubbed with a solution of salt with beneficial bacteria.
“Raclette” - has a heavy, silky odor and a softly oily structure. This cheese is for everybody. Someone will like it very much, and someone, primarily because of the smell, will give their preference to another.
Extra hard cheeses
Cheese category for true connoisseurs of taste. There are many of them, but the most famous are:
"Sbrinz" - is considered almost the oldest variety. His homeland is Central Switzerland. The basis for the manufacture of the product is milk of brown cows. It has a fat content of 45% and a crust of gold color. The ripening period is long: from eighteen to thirty-six months. It has a very solid, brittle texture. It literally melts in your mouth. With its excellent aroma, pizza, cider, as well as wine, are perfectly used.
"Hobelkeze" - cheese produced in Bern. It has a very dense structure. It tastes very good. Before eating, it is recommended to carefully cut into thin slices.
In the canton of Emma there is a valley of the same name. It is considered the birthplace of the very popular Emmental cheese around the world. It has a spicy, colorful taste. A feature of the product is large holes. They make this variety not only in Switzerland, but also in Russia and a number of other countries.
Known and appreciated by gourmets from around the world and cheese "Watchman". A distinctive feature of it is the blue mold. Due to the fact that the product has a brackish taste, someone may not like it.
Nutritional value of the product
|Calories (per 100 g)||Proteins (per 100 g)||Carbohydrates (per 100 g)||Fats (per 100 g)|
Best Cheese Dishes
Almost all of Swiss national cuisine is based on the use of cheese in dishes. Consider the most famous of them, because the recipes for their preparation are not very complicated, the main thing is to have all the components.
"Gruyere" is great for onion soup. "Raclette" is the basis for preparing a national dish of the same name. To do this, put the cheese in a special oven, rakletnitsa. You need to place at least half of the head there - with a cut to the warm part. When the cheese begins to melt, it is scraped off with a special rocket knife and placed on a plate. This dish is especially popular in ski resorts. Sbrinz is an essential ingredient in the preparation of pastas, risotto and pizza.
Any hard cheese is well suited for the final chord in the preparation of dishes such as, for example, Viennese potatoes. When potatoes with finely chopped meat have already been baked in the oven, it must be sprinkled with grated cheese on top, and after a couple of minutes you can already get it.
In general, the cheese taste is felt in almost all Swiss dishes, whether it is: casseroles, pies, soups, soufflé or batter. Moreover, all the most exquisite dishes are essentially a prototype of simple peasant food that was consumed by peasants, especially shepherds: cheese and bread.
What is Swiss cheese good for?
The secret of the benefits of Swiss cheese lies in the fact that it has a considerable amount of vitamins and minerals. These products contain a lot of phosphorus, which is extremely important for the formation and strengthening of teeth and bones in the human body. This property of cheese will be appreciated by parents with children and the elderly.
Another positive factor is the abundance of calcium. As you know, it makes strong bones, teeth and nails. Swiss cheeses based on cow's milk from the Alpine valleys also contain a large amount of vitamin A, which is important for good vision, healthy skin and mucous membranes.
Vitamins of group B, which are also found in these products, will help get rid of the effects of stress and normalize the nervous system. Among other things, they have beneficial effects on insomnia and body fatigue.
Vitamin D is also contained, which means that a person who is saturated with such a product reduces the risk of the appearance and development of such a disease as “osteoporosis”.
Present in Swiss cheese varieties, also, vitamin E. It is very necessary for the health of human skin.
In addition to vitamins, Swiss cheese contains a large amount of potassium and magnesium. These two components not only help to normalize the functioning of the nervous system, but also in every way contribute to the improvement of many metabolic processes in our body.
When cheese is contraindicated
Swiss cheese may not benefit those people who have an individual intolerance to this product. In general, doctors say that in limited doses, cheeses will not harm even with peptic ulcer, as well as gastritis and colitis with high acidity.
We must not forget that these products have a fairly high calorie content. It is very important to know people who are overweight, strictly follow diets. Do not get involved in cheeses and those who have obesity or blood contains high cholesterol.
Swiss cheese is one of the most delicious and sophisticated products that exist on earth. Some varieties cost quite a lot. Unfortunately, no one is safe from buying a fake, especially if the goods are purchased not in their homeland. Therefore, it is better to purchase this wonderful product from a trusted and reliable supplier. Analyzing all the pros and cons in the issue of buying or not buying this dairy product, there are much more advantages. Swiss cheese is always a sign of good taste and affluence. However, everyone can afford a little delicacy to celebrate a holiday or a memorable date.