Doctors specialties


In medicine, a huge number of all kinds of specializations is distinguished. Moreover, there are both narrow specialists and more extensive ones. Some of them appeared earlier, others - more recently. With the development of science and technology, the introduction of diagnostic equipment in medicine, the issues of diagnosis and therapy of a number of ailments disappeared by themselves. In addition, such progress has led to the emergence of a new specialization for doctors - physiotherapy.

Brief information

Physiotherapy refers to the full-fledged sections of the medical-diagnostic field of medicine. He studies the healing effects of factors on pathological foci. This includes physical therapy classes, and partially - manual therapy.

Physiotherapist Definition

We are talking about a highly specialized specialist who eliminates processes, all kinds of ailments and serious consequences after injuries, surgical interventions. The healing effect is provided by the influence of certain factors of physical origin.

Scope of Competency

The specialization of a worker in this field is sometimes based on a very difficult mission - it is important to restore the patient. For this, procedures have been created, exercise therapy. Only a doctor is able to identify the root cause of a pathological lesion, to conduct a list of adequate examination. He is also engaged in the selection of therapy for each specific patient. In this area, the principle works perfectly: the doctor treats the patient, not the pathology. After all, following specific protocols is not appropriate here. Each patient needs an individual approach, the selection of adequate loads and treatment combinations. Only in this way is it possible to achieve positive dynamics.

Often, a physiotherapist deals with the problems of the musculoskeletal system. He also must have the skills to work with medical equipment.

What problems does

Often a doctor of a similar profile is consulted in such cases:

  • with ailments of the musculoskeletal system;
  • partially - with lesions of the nervous structures;
  • pathology of the genitourinary system;
  • in violation of metabolic processes;
  • in severe forms of obesity;
  • damage to the gastrointestinal structures.

In addition, mandatory consultation and treatment courses are prescribed to persons with injuries of the back and vertebral elements. The entire rehabilitation course after surgery on the structures of the musculoskeletal system is directly carried out under the supervision of a physiotherapist.

One can rightly call a doctor of this specialization almost the only specialist who must restore impaired motor ability.

Indications for admission

A clear list of indications has been developed with which patients can go to see a doctor. Among them: problems with irregular menstruation, urological lesions, an early postoperative period, rehabilitation after injuries, preparation for IVF or the natural conception of a baby, with inflammatory processes of a woman's reproductive organs, and damage to the joint apparatus and spine.

It will not be superfluous to consult a specialist for the elderly, to prevent damage to the articular apparatus and in order to strengthen the body overall.

Features of a child specialist

In many centers and medical institutions, a children's physiotherapist has also appeared. Consultation with such a doctor is extremely important for all babies, without exception. Procedures of this kind will never be redundant. This is especially true of the period of formation of the baby, his development. It is very important to observe this during the kindergarten or school. Physiotherapeutic procedures will keep the baby in good shape, providing him with the proper level of physical endurance.

Diagnostic Specifics

Often, the doctor does not use laboratory diagnostics to assess the patient's condition. Another thing is a number of instrumental techniques. Among the many options, CT, MRI, magnetotherapy, laser therapy, electrophoresis are often used.

It is important to note that this kind of methods are often used not only for clarifying examination, but also for subsequent therapy.

Reception schedule

It is possible that at the first visit a specialist can conduct some diagnostic tests of a physiological direction. This will provide a general idea of ​​the patient’s condition, the degree and extent of the disease.

It is extremely important to study the medical history, therefore such specialists often simply do not accept patients without it. Assessed anamnesis, complaints, examination results.

In this case, it is important that compliance and mutual understanding arise between the patient and the doctor. Then we can expect a clear implementation of all medical prescriptions. The effectiveness of therapy and rehabilitation depends on this.

Treatment methods

Basically, in everyday practice, such a specialist uses a standard list of therapy. It includes therapy with current, ultrasound, cold and thermal stimuli, exercise therapy exercises and methods of manual influence.

In addition, with complex therapy, sometimes a change in nutrition, even a lifestyle, is required.

Specialist recommendations

Do not take lightly such treatment. At first glance, classes are elementary. But they need to be applied only after a visit and the recommendations of a competent specialist.

At first, such classes should be carried out exclusively under medical supervision or coaching supervision. In order to avoid serious damage, it is important to take care of yourself and adhere to special recommendations:

  1. Strengthen your immune system regularly.
  2. Relax.
  3. Adhere to the principles of balanced and timely nutrition.
  4. Standardization and safety of any kind of loads.
  5. A complete rejection of self-medication in any of its manifestations.

Following these rules regularly will minimize serious ailments and prevent complications.

Watch the video: Physiotherapy. What Does A Physiotherapist Do? (April 2020).