What is skin fibroma? This is a neoplasm consisting of connective tissue and fibroblasts. A tumor is benign and can originate anywhere on the body. The shape of the growth may be different - the right round, irregular, flat. The formation of fibroma cells begins in the epidermis or dermis. However, this pathology affects not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes, vessels, glands, and internal organs. Usually, a neoplasm, having reached a certain size, ceases to grow. But in some cases, there is a pathological increase in fibroma, affecting the functions of individual organs or systems, as well as the whole organism.
Causes of tumor development
To date, medical studies have not yet been terminated, the main focus of which is to establish the exact cause of fibroma development. Based on the available information, experts are inclined to the version of the hereditary predisposition to the disease.
Since tumors are most often diagnosed in elderly patients, it is not excluded that age-related changes in the skin are the cause of its origin. Most often, women who have reached menopause suffer from fibroma - that is, in the body of which active hormonal changes have begun. Rarely, growths on the skin develop in pregnant women, as well as patients with diseases of the endocrine system or diabetes mellitus.
Dermatologists advise patients in the high-risk zone to buy clothes made from natural fabrics that let in air and absorb moisture. At the same time, clothing should not be too tight and contain elements that traumatize the skin. If the skin is often covered with abscesses and rashes, you should reconsider your diet and minimize the amount of "junk food" - smoked meat, snacks, carbonated drinks.
Symptoms of fibroma
Fibroma usually does not differ in color from the entire skin integument; more rarely, it acquires a yellow or brown tint. Externally, it looks like a peculiar nodule associated with the skin of a thin long or short leg. If a tumor was formed long enough, its surface may change over time - dents and irregularities appear on it.
Soft fibroids change shape even with slight pressure. Their size ranges from 0.5 to 3 cm, and due to the thin legs, they can move. If such a tumor is located on the neck, groin or armpits, injuries while wearing clothes or performing hygienic procedures are not excluded. In addition, in some cases, growths can be painful.
Solid fibroids are most often formed on the back, legs or face. The tumor is almost flat, with a rounded or dome-shaped surface, it is dense to the touch and does not move when pressed. Such growths can constantly increase and reach sizes of tens of centimeters in diameter.
Sometimes new growths appear not piece, and the whole colonies. Most often we are talking about drop-like fibroids that affect the armpits, neck, groin. These growths are a small ball of skin, hanging on a very thin, almost transparent leg.
Types of fibroids
Neoplasms are classified according to several parameters:
- by the nature of tumor growth are diffuse and limited. - these are fibromas, which do not stop their growth, and can affect not only the skin, but also nearby tissues (the limited ones practically do not grow after their appearance, these include drop-like tumors);
- on external signs - neoplasms can be hard or soft.
Even if fibroma is not painful, it is among the pronounced cosmetic defects.
In particular, tumors, the growth of which was triggered by hormonal changes in the body, can quickly grow and reach 20 cm in diameter. When the growth is located in a zone prone to friction or shaving, its surface is permanently injured, which can cause an infection to attach.
Usually, a specialist can establish the diagnosis of fibroma simply by external signs of growth. However, a biopsy is required to determine the further treatment regimen. Through this analysis, it is possible to exclude the transformation of a benign tumor into a malignant one.
If the tumor is quite voluminous and has a base in the deep layers of the skin, it is recommended to undergo an ultrasound examination of the affected area. If a fibrotic lesion of the internal organs is suspected, the patient is tested by narrow specialists.
After the diagnosis of fibroma has been confirmed, the specialist determines the further treatment. Drug effects on the growth is allowed only with its small size. But it is important to understand that such therapy is ineffective. In most cases, surgical removal of fibroids is prescribed.
Features of the technique
Resection of the neoplasm with a scalpel is a standard procedure and is rarely accompanied by difficulties or the development of complications. Despite the active use of more advanced methods of removing skin growths, this technique does not lose its relevance. The main advantage of surgical removal is that the tumor cells are not damaged and not destroyed, therefore, they can be sent for histological examination. In this way, even large neoplasms can be removed.
The operation may be performed under local or general anesthesia. The patient is placed on the couch, the area around the growth is disinfected. Then the surgeon with a scalpel cuts the fibroma along with its base and sutures the damaged skin. Due to the use of absorbable sutures, the recovery period is not accompanied by painful procedures, and there are practically no visible scars at the surgical site.
After surgery, a sterile dressing is applied to the wound. During the first 7 days after surgery, special suturing should be performed.
Surgical removal of fibroma is impossible if nearby areas of the skin are affected by a herpes virus infection or there are foci of inflammation. Despite the simplicity of the operation, at the time of its holding the patient must be in a satisfactory condition. If during the call to a specialist exacerbation of chronic ailments is revealed, the procedure is postponed for the passage of stabilizing therapy.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding period are not direct contraindications. If a patient has an increased sensitivity to anesthesia drugs, it is recommended to choose another method for removing fibromas.
When a patient is treated in a medical facility with fibroma bleeding, immediate surgery is indicated. In this case, the growth cells are examined after surgery. According to the results of histological examination, additional therapy may be prescribed.