Adhesive plaster - a thin fabric strip, which is applied adhesive mass. It adheres tightly and firmly on the skin. Today, there are many types of adhesive plaster, which is used in various branches of medicine. Their difference in purpose, size and price. Such a thing should be in every person in the first-aid kit, because she has many advantages.
Appearance is known to almost everyone. This is a small roll that can be used in different ways. Adhesive plaster has a woven base, it is used as a material for dressings, after operations, for fixing tampons, probes and other medical equipment. Fixing strips are needed after various cosmetic surgeries. This ensures that the wounds after healing will not leave scars, and their edges will grow together into one thin thread. It can differ only in purpose, size, sterility. The cost of adhesive plaster also depends on the manufacturer and on the field of application. The product can be made of silk, nonwoven fabric, textile fabric, and also from film. The basis of the adhesive plaster is universal and moisture resistant, the skin does not get wet under it, so you can wear it for several days.
Most often, the medical plaster has a light shade, and the back side is covered with a special adhesive mass. It has a special feature - to soften when in contact with the skin and firmly adhere to it.
Adhesive plaster is produced in the form of a small coil or cloth of different size in individual packaging. In the latter most often include medicinal substances, so they have a healing effect.
The tape itself consists of rubber, natural oils and fat-like substances: paraffin or wax. Also may include various antioxidants and drugs.
Types of adhesive plaster
This product can be divided into several types. The function of a conventional plaster from a dense fabric base is to fix the dressings. Bactericidal is an integral part of each person's home kit. The bactericidal component in this case may be brilliant or green synthomycin, furatsilin, as well as chlorhexidine.
Anti-ash plaster is used for dry calluses and corns. Most often it contains salicylic acid, which has a softening effect. The composition of the antifungal adhesive plaster includes the drug ketoconazole, softening agents and antiseptic. Ketoconazole is prescribed for fungal infections.
There is also pepper patch. It is made on the basis of chilli pepper extract. The main function of this product is to stimulate blood circulation. Thanks to him, the intensity of pain decreases, trophic tissue improves.
Painkillers and anti-inflammatory patches contain some nonsteroidal drugs and are used for neuralgia, bruises, sprains.
The anti-nicotine patch allows a person to stop smoking less painfully. The result of this method really is, and it is quite justified. The composition of hormonal patches include female sex hormones. They are used as a contraceptive or for hormonal therapy. Apply them without consulting a doctor can not, because it is in any case a hormonal drug, which may have enough contraindications.
In addition, there is a band-aid with nitroglycerin. Such a thing in his first aid kit should have a person who has heart problems. It helps to cope with angina, has a vasodilating effect and is used for heart pain.
Mode of application
Adhesive plaster is very easy to use. If it comes to the patch in the coil, then you need to cut a piece of the required size. If the patch is ready, you should simply remove the protective film. After that, it should be glued to the damaged area of the body, but before that, the skin should be wiped with warm water and wiped. It is important to pay attention to the fact that the skin should be free of folds and there should not be a lot of hair in the place where the patch is glued.
Before using the pepper patch, it is recommended to degrease the skin with an alcohol-based solution. Then the skin must be dried and applied to the product.
A hormonal patch is glued to certain areas of the body: shoulder, shoulder blade, abdomen, buttocks. It is worth noting that it is not noticeable under clothing, so it will not cause inconvenience and discomfort to a person.
Despite the mass of useful properties, there are contraindications to the adhesive plaster. First of all, we are talking about individual intolerance. It is important to remember that allergies can occur on a normal adhesive plaster without impregnations and additives.
It is also not recommended to use the patch for various infections and colds, in the presence of wounds, burns and dermatological diseases. It is important to understand that pregnant women should not use hormone patches and those that include salicylic acid. You also need to take care not to damage moles and birthmarks.
Advantages of Adhesive Plaster
Medical adhesive plaster has many advantages. It is easy to use. In addition, there are no discomfort when using. It can be used for targeted delivery of the active ingredient of a medicinal product. In addition, the drug constantly enters the bloodstream, thereby maintaining its required concentration. If there is a need, it is easy to remove and the action will instantly cease. Also, when using such a patch, there are no side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.
Adhesive plaster is a universal thing that everyone should buy. Before use, it is important to familiarize yourself with all the information about the selected product so as not to encounter any troubles and undesirable consequences.